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American aces of WWI



  The lists

All the lists present the following data:
Name and (when known) first name are presented with arbitrary choice for the spelling (russian, german, arab names...).
RANK of the pilot: see the rank page for the meaning of the abbreviations and the equivalence.
According to the pages, COUNTRY, NATION for the nationality or ethnic origin, AIR_SERVICE for the air arm, are provided.
The number of victories represents usually the total of kills (individual plus shared). The shared kills are indicated when known under the form [indiv+shared]. The official score is indicated when different from the total (American and British scores of ww2 for example).
Authors of the SOURCES column are given; report to the bibliography page to find the books, articles, web pages in alphabetical order. The OTHER_SOURCES column presents the divergent scores with sometimes the author of the source.
The DETAIL column shows occasionally the type of kill, balloons, V-1s, ground kills, unconfirmed kills...
The NOTE column exposes different commentaries and for lack of space, abbreviations are used: report to the abbreviation page for their meaning.




Updated: 08/11/2007

Rank First Name Name Ww1 Victories Sources Detail Air Service Units Death Note Other Sources
Capt Edward V. RICKENBACKER 26 Toliver-Constable (5 balloons) USAS 94thAS Nieuport, Spad, 1918. 24.33
Capt Frederick Warrington GILLET 20 C.Shores et al. (3 balloons) RAF 79Sq RAF Top Dolphin ace, 1918. 16
Capt Wilfred 'Billy' BEAVER 19 C.Shores et al. (with obs.)(12 kills+7 OoC) RFC & RAF 20Sq Bristol Fighter ace, 1917-18.
Capt Howard Albert KULLBERG 19 [9+10] C.Shores et al. (1 balloon)(16 kills+3 OoC) RFC 1Sq RFC SE5 ace, 1918. WIA.
Capt William Carpenter LAMBERT 18 [14+4] C.Shores et al. (1 balloon)(12 kills+6 OoC) RAF 24Sq RAF SE5 ace, 1918. 22
2ndLt Frank Jr LUKE 18 14 balloons USAS 27thSq, 2Sq 21, 15.83,
Capt August Thayer IACCACI 17 [16+1] C.Shores et al. (11 kills+6 OoC) RAF 20Sq RAF Bristol Fighter ace, 1918.
Capt Paul Thayer IACCACI 17 C.Shores et al. (10 kills+7 OoC) RAF 20Sq, 48Sq RAF Bristol Fighter ace, 1918. 18 (Toliver)
Maj Raoul Gervais LUFBERY 17 D. Porret, R. Toliver Av.M.fra & USAS VB 102,N 124 FFC, 94AS 19/05/1918 KIA. 16; + 13 unconf.
Lt Eugene Seely COLER 16 C.Shores et al. (with obs.)(10 kills+6 OoC) RAF & USAAF 11Sq RAF; 319BG BF2b ace, 1918. Bomber pilot WWII. 12
Capt Oren John ROSE 16 [15+1] C.Shores et al. (14 kills+2 OoC) RAF 92Sq RAF SE5 ace, 1918. Russia, 1919.
Capt Elliott White SPRINGS 16 [13+3] C.Shores et al. (12 kills+4 OoC) RAF & USAS 85Sq, 148AeSq SE5, Camel ace, 1918. 12 (Toliver)
Capt Frederick LIBBY 14 [9+5] C.Shores et al. (2 kills+12 OoC) RFC 23Sq,11Sq (obs.),43Sq,25Sq RFC 09/01/1970 FE2b gunner ace, Strutter,DH-4, 1916-17.
Lt Kenneth Russell UNGER 14 [10+4] C.Shores et al. (1 balloon)(7 kills+7 OoC) RAF 210Sq RAF Camel ace, 1918. USN WWII. 10
1stLt David Endicott PUTNAM 13 D.Porret (1 balloon) Av.M.fra & USAS SPA 94, MS 156, SPA 38 FFC; 139thAS 12/09/1918 12,6; + 14 unconf.
1stLt George Augustus Jr. VAUGHN 13 [6+7] C.Shores et al. (1 balloon)(12 kills+1 OoC) USAS 84Sq RAF, 17thAeSq SE5 and Camel ace, 1918. 9,5
Lt Frank Leamon BAYLIES 12 [9+3] Bailey & Cony Av.Mil.fra SPA 73, SPA 3 FFC 17/06/1918 KIA. + 1 unconf.
1stLt Louis B. Jr. BENNETT 12 [11+1] Shores et al. (9 balloons)(11 kills+1 OoC) RFC & RAF 90(HD)Sq, 40Sq RAF 24/09/1918 SE5 ace, 1918. KIA.
Capt Field Eugene KINDLEY 12 [10+2] C.Shores et al. (9 kills+3 OoC) RAF & USAS 65Sq RAF, 148thAeSq 03/01/1920 Camel ace, 1918. KIFA.
Maj Reed Gresham LANDIS 12 C.Shores et al. (1 balloon)(9 kills+3 OoC) RAF & USAS 40Sq RAF, 25thAeSq SE5 ace, 1918. 1 (Toliver)
Capt Frederick Ives LORD 12 C.Shores et al. (1 balloon)(9 kills+3 OoC) RAF 79Sq RAF Dolphin ace, 1918. Russia, 1919, Spain.
Capt James William PEARSON 12 [10+2] C.Shores et al. (6 kills+6 OoC) RAF 23Sq Dolphin ace, 1918.
Capt Clive Wilson WARMAN 12 [11+1] C.Shores et al. (2 balloons)(10 kills+2 OoC) RFC 23Sq 12/06/1919 Spad ace, 1917. KIFA. 15 (Toliver)
1stLt Lloyd Andrews HAMILTON 10 [4+6] C.Shores et al. (2 balloons)(7 kills+3 OoC) USAS 3Sq RAF;17th Sq 24/08/1918 Camel ace, 1918. KIA. 9 (Toliver)
1Lt Duerson KNIGHT 10 [2+8] C.Shores et al. (7 kills+3 OoC) RAF 1Sq RAF SE5 ace, 1918.
Capt Oliver Colin 'Boots' LE BOUTILLIER 10 [6+4] C.Shores et al. (4 kills+6 OoC) RAF 9Sq RNAS, 209Sq RAF Triplane, 1917; Camel ace, 1918.
Capt Jacques Michael SWAAB 10 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 22nd Sq 8.5
1stLt Paul Frank BAER 9 [6+3] Bailey & Cony USAS 103rdAS + 4 unconf.
Capt Thomas Gantz CASSADY 9 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable Av.M.fra & USAS SPA 157, SPA 163 FFC; 103rdAS, 28thAS 09/07/1972 8 (D. Porret)
Lt Jens Frederick 'Swede' LARSEN 9 [8+1] C.Shores et al. (3 kills+6 OoC) RFC & RAF 84Sq RFC RAF SE5 ace, 1917-18.
1stLt Chester Ellis WRIGHT 9 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 93rd Sq
1stLt Howard BURDICK 8 [5+3] Shores et al. USAS 17thSq Camel ace, 1918. 7 (Toliver-Con.)
Capt Alvin Andrew CALLENDER 8 Shores et al. (1 kill+7 OoC) RAF 32Sq RAF 30/10/1918 SE5 ace, 1918. KIA.
1stLt Henry Robinson Jr. CLAY 8 [6+2] Shores et al. (7 kills+1 OoC) USAS 43Sq, 148thAS 17/02/1919 Camel ace, 1918.
Capt Hamilton COOLIDGE 8 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable (3 balloons) USAS 94thSq 27/10/1918 KIA.
1stLt William P. ERWIN 8 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 1stSq
Lt D'Arcy Fowlis HILTON 8 Shores et al. (1 balloon)(2 kills+6 OoC) RFC 29Sq RFC Nieuport Scout ace, 1917.
1stLt Frank O'Driscoll HUNTER 8 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 94th & 103rd Sq 9
2ndLt Clinton Jr. JONES 8 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 22ndSq
Capt Gorman DeFreest LARNER 8 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable Av.M.fra & USAS Spa86 FFC, 103rd Sq 7
Maj James Armand MEISSNER 8 R.Toliver T.Constable USAS 94thAS, 147thAS 5(Bailey & Cony)
Adj Edwin Charles PARSONS 8 [6+2] Bailey & Cony Av.M.fra N124, SPA 3 FFC
Lt Walter Carl SIMON 8 C.Shores et al. (5 kills+3 OoC) RAF 139Sq Bristol Fighter ace, Italy, 1918.
FsubLt Langley Frank Willard SMITH 8 [6+2] C.Shores et al. (2 balloons)(6 kills+2 OoC) RNAS 4(N)Sq RNAS 13/06/1917 Pup ace, 1917. MIA.
1stLt Wilbert Wallace Jr. WHITE 8 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 147th Sq 10/10/1918 KIA.
Maj Charles John BIDDLE 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable Av.M.fra & USAS Spa73,N124 FFC;103rd & 13th Sq
Lt Archibald BUCHANAN 7 [6+1] Shores et al. (4 kills+3 OoC) RAF 210Sq RAF Camel ace, 1918. POW.
Maj Reed McKinley CHAMBERS 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable (1 balloon) USAS 94thSq
Lt James Alexander Jr. CONNELLY 7 [4+4] Bailey & Cony (1 balloon) Av.Mil.fra SPA 157, SPA 163 FFC 02/02/1944 8 (Porret, Toliver)
Capt Harvey Weir COOK 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable (4 balloons) USAS 94thSq
1stLt Jesse Orin CREECH 7 [6+1] Shores et al. (6 kills+1 OoC) USAS 148thASq 16/02/1948 Camel ace, 1918. 8 (Toliver)
Capt Roy Edward DODDS 7 Franks-Guest (4 by obs.)(no kill, 7 OoC) RFC & RAF 106Sq, 103Sq (Bomber) DH9 bomber pilot, 1918.
Capt John Owen DONALDSON 7 Shores et al. (4 kills+3 OoC) RFC 32Sq RFC 07/09/1930 SE5 ace, 1918. POW. KIFA. 8 (Toliver)
Capt John Sharpe GRIFFITH 7 [4+3] Shores et al. RFC & RAF 60Sq RFC RAF SE5 ace, 1918. N.Russia 1919. 9 (Toliver)
Capt Frank Lucien HALE 7 Shores et al. 4 dest + 3 OOC RAF, USAAF 32Sq, 85Sq RAF 07/06/1944 SE5 ace, 1918. 8thAF, WWII. 18(Toliver); 8(citation)
1stLt Lansing Colton HOLDEN 7 Toliver-Constable (5 balloons) USAS 95thSq
Maj John W.F.M. HUFFER 7 A.&L.Tesar Av.M.fra & USAS N95, N62, F36, SPA62 FFC, 94AS, 93AS
2ndLt John K. MCARTHUR 7 [2+5] Bailey & Cony USAS 27thAS 20/07/1918 KIA. 6(Tol.-Const.)
Lt E.M. ROBERTS 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable RFC 60Sq RAF
Lt Wendel A. ROBERTSON 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 139th Sq
1stLt Leslie J. RUMMELL 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 93rd Sq
1stLt Karl Jr. SCHOEN 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 139th Sq 29/10/1918 KIA.
Capt Sumner SEWALL 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 95th Sq
1stLt William Howard STOVALL 7 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 13th Sq
Lt Harold Albert WHITE 7 [4+3] C.Shores et al. (3 kills+4 OoC) RAF 23Sq Dolphin ace, 1918.
1stLt Hilbert Leigh BAIR 6 [2+4] Shores et al. (4 kills+2 OoC) RAF 24Sq RAF SE5 ace, 1918. 5 (Toliver)
1stLt James Dudley BEANE 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 22ndSq 30/10/1918 KIA.
Capt Clayton Lawrence BISSELL 6 Shores et al. (4 kills+2 OoC) USAS 148thAS Camel ace, 1918. China WWII. 5 (Toliver)
Lt Charles Arthur BISSONETTE 6 Shores et al. (3 kills+3 OoC) RFC & RAF 64Sq RFC, 24Sq RAF SE5 ace, 1918.
Capt Arthur Raymond BROOKS 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 139th & 22nd Sq
Capt Douglas CAMPBELL 6 [5+1] A.&L.Tesar,Bailey & Cony USAS 94thAS First USAS ace.
Lt Charles Gray CATTO 6 [4+2] Shores et al. (3 kills, 1 captured, 2 OoC) RAF 45Sq RAF Camel ace, Italian front, 1918.
Lt Norman (E.S.) COOPER (TOOKER) 6 [4+2] Shores et al. (5 kills+1 OoC) RAF 73Sq RAF Camel ace, 1918. 8
Capt Edward Peck CURTISS 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 95thSq
1stLt Arthur E. EASTERBROOK 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 1stSq 5 (Olynyk)
1stLt Murray K. GUTHRIE 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 13rdSq
1stLt Leonard Coombes HAMMOND 6 AFHRA USAS 91stAS
1stLt Frank Kerr HAYES 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 13th Sq
Capt Donald HUDSON 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 27thAS 5(Bailey & Cony)
Lt David Sinton INGALLS 6 [1+5] C.Shores et al. (1 balloon)(2 kills+4 OoC) USN RAF 213Sq, 217Sq RAF Camel ace, 1918. Only USN ace of WWI. 5 (Toliver)
Maj James Alfred KEATING 6 Toliver & Constable (shared with obs.) RFC 49Sq (Bomber)RFC DH9 bomber pilot, 1918. 5 Franks-Guest; 3
2ndLt Howard Clayton KNOTTS 6 [5+1] R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 17th AeSq Camel ace, 1918. POW.
1stLt Robert Opie LINDSAY 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 139thSq
1stLt David M. MCCLURE 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 213rdSq, 147Sq
Capt David McKelvy PETERSON 6 [5+1] Bailey & Cony Av.M.fra & USAS N 124 FFC;94thAS, 95thAS Nieuport ace. 5 (Toliver)
Lt Cleo Francis PINEAU 6 C.Shores et al. (4 kills+2 OoC) RAF 210Sq RAF Camel ace, 1918. POW.
1stLt William Thomas PONDER 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS Spa167 & 63;103rdSq
2ndLt Kenneth Lee PORTER 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 147th Sq 5
Lt Frank A. ROBERTSON 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable RFC 29Sq RFC
Capt Bogart ROGERS 6 C.Shores et al. (1 kill+5 OoC) RAF 32Sq RAF SE5 ace, 1918.
Capt Martinus STENSETH 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 28th Sq 8
Capt Edgar Gardner TOBIN 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 103rd Sq 4(Bailey) + 1 unconf.
Capt Jerry Cox VASCONCELLS 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 27th Sq
1stLt Remington deB. VERNAM 6 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS Spa96 FFC;22nd Sq
Lt Errol H. ZISTELL 6 USAS 42RFC & 148 USAS
1stLt William Terry BADHAM 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 91stSq
Lt Howard Koch BOYSEN 5 [4+1] Shores et al. (4 kills+1 OoC) RFC & RAF 66Sq RFC RAF Camel ace, Italian front, 1917-18.
Lt Sydney MacGillvary BROWN 5 C.Shores et al. (1 balloon) RAF 29Sq RAF SE5 ace, 1918.
Capt Harold Robert BUCKLEY 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable (1 balloon) USAS 95th Sq
1stLt Lawrence Kingsley 'Larry' CALLAHAN 5 Shores et al. (4 kills+1 OoC) RAF & USAS 85Sq RAF, 148thAS SE5, Camel, 1918.
Capt Everett Richard COOK 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 91stSq
Lt Charles Rudolph D'OLIVE 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 93rdSq & 141stSq
1stLt George Willard FURLOW 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 103rdSq
1stLt Harold Huston GEORGE 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 139thSq
Capt Charles Gossage GRAY 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable (1 balloon) USAS 213rdSq
1stLt Edward M. HAIGHT 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 139thSq
Capt James Norman HALL 5 Robertson - Tesar USAS N124 FFC, 103rdAS, 94thAS POW 1918. 4, 6 (Toliver)
Capt James A. HEALY 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 147th Sq
Lt Malcolm G. HOWELL 5 [4+1] C.Shores et al. (2 kills+3 OoC) RAF 208Sq RAF Camel ace, 1918.
1stLt James Jr. KNOWLES 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 95thSq
Lt Dean I. LAMB 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable RFC 4Sq RFC
1stLt Frederick Ernest LUFF 5 C.Shores et al. (2 balloons) RAF & USAS 74Sq RAF, 25Sq SE-5 ace, 1918.
Lt Francis Peabody MAGOUN 5 [2+3] C.Shores et al. (3 kills+2 OoC) RFC & RAF 1Sq SE-5 ace, 1918.
Lt Alexandre MATTHEWS 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable RFC 84Sq RFC
Lt Erwart S. MILLER 5 D. Porret Av.M.fra & USAS N 49, SPA 49 FFC, 139AS
1stLt Zenos Ramsey MILLER 5 [3+2] Toliver-Con.,Bailey-Con. USAS 27thAS
Lt Ralph Ambrose O'NEILL 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 147th Sq 6
Lt Osborne John ORR 5 C.Shores et al. (no kill, 5 OoC) RAF 204Sq RAF 23/10/1918 Camel ace, 1918. KIA.
2ndLt John Sidney OWENS 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 139thSq
Capt W.J. PACE 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable RFC
2ndLt Norman PRINCE 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable Av.Mil.fra VB108 & 113, N124 FFC 15/10/1916 DOW. 4 + 1 unconf.(Bailey-C.)
1stLt Orville Alfred RALSTON 5 [4+1] C.Shores et al. (4 kills+1 OoC) USAS 85 Sq RAF, 148thSq SE-5, Camel, 1918.
1stLt John J. SEERLEY 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 13th Sq
1Lt Harold Goodman SHOEMAKER 5 [2+3] C.Shores et al. (4 kills+1 OoC) RAF & USAS 74Sq; 17thAeSq 06/10/1918 SE5 ace, 1918. KIA.
Francis M. SIMONDS 5 USAS 147th Sq
Maj Victor Herbert STRAHM 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 91st Sq
Lt Edgar TAYLOR 5 C.Shores et al. (4 balloons)(4 kills+1 OoC) RFC 79Sq RFC 24/08/1918 Dolphin ace, 1918. KIA.
LtCol William THAW 5 [2+3] Bailey & Cony (1 balloon) Av.M.fra & USAS D 6, C 42, N 65, N 124 FFC; 103rdAS, 3PG + 3 unconf.
Capt William Duncan TIPTON 5 [2+3] Shores et al. (1 balloon)(3 kills+2 OoC) USAS 33Sq RAF, 17thAeSq 12/12/1945 Camel ace, 1918. POW . USAAF KIFA.
Lt George Donald TOD 5 [3+2] C.Shores et al. (3 kills+2 OoC) RAF 65Sq RAF 09/08/1918 Camel ace, 1918. KIA.
2ndLt Robert Miles TODD 5 [3+2] C.Shores et al. (1 balloon) USAS 117thAeSq Camel ace, 1918. POW.
Lt Charles Herbert VEIL 5 D. Porret Av.M.fra & USAS SPA 150 FFC 08/12/1949
1stLt Joseph Fritz WEHNER 5 Toliver-Constable (5 balloons) USAS 27th Sq 18/09/1918 Spad XIII, KIA. 6
Lt F. WESTING 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable RFC
1stLt Rodney D. WILLIAMS 5 R.F.Toliver & T.Constable USAS 17th Sq 4
Byrne V. BAUCOM 3 USAS 1st Sq RAF
Eugene Jacques BULLARD 1 (+1 unconf) Av.Mil.Fra. SPA93, SPA85 Black American pilot, Spad. 0
Table: American aces of WWI


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