SOVIET FEAR

Russian Civil and Polish-Russian wars



  War was not over


March 1917: after the February Revolution, abdication of Tzar Nicolay. The Imperial Air Service became the Russian Military Air Force.
November 1917: the Bolshevik Party of V.I.Lenin seized power after the 7 November coup. The new government signed an armistice treaty with the Central powers in December.
January 1918: Setting of the Red Army air force.
March 1918: After the Brest-Litovsk treaty abandon by the Soviets of Poland, Ukraine, White Russia, Balt countries, Finland, Georgia and Armenia.
1918: occupation of Turkestan, Murmansk and Arkhangelsk by British forces; of Transcaucasia by Otoman forces; of parts of Ukraine and Finland by German forces. No air combat reported.

  The Soviet Red air fleet in combat


Feb 19-March 21: war with Poland, known as Western Front. Several air combats.
Jan 18-Jan 20: war with the 'DA' (Dobrovolsheskaya Armiya) known as Denekin Army, with the VSYUR (Ukrainian White army), supported by the Allied Expeditionary Corps. Kerch, Odessa, Ukraine known as Southern Front. Several air combats.
Jan 18- Jan 20: war with the Koltchak Siberian Army. Battles of Oufa, Omsk, known as the Ural Front.
1920-Nov 21: war with the General Wrangel and his Ukrainian Army and war with his successor (Baron Ungern-Sternberg).
July 18-Apr 19: war with the Czechoslovakian Legion (Czechoslovak Hussit Aerial Detachments), Samara, Volga Front, summer 18, Ekaterinburg Front, summer 18, North Ural Front, autumn 18.


  The lists

All the lists present the following data:
Name and (when known) first name are presented with arbitrary choice for the spelling (russian, german, arab names...).
RANK of the pilot: see the rank page for the meaning of the abbreviations and the equivalence.
According to the pages, COUNTRY, NATION for the nationality or ethnic origin, AIR_SERVICE for the air arm, are provided.
The number of victories represents usually the total of kills (individual plus shared). The shared kills are indicated when known under the form [indiv+shared]. The official score is indicated when different from the total (American and British scores of ww2 for example).
Authors of the SOURCES column are given; report to the bibliography page to find the books, articles, web pages in alphabetical order. The OTHER_SOURCES column presents the divergent scores with sometimes the author of the source.
The DETAIL column shows occasionally the type of kill, balloons, V-1s, ground kills, unconfirmed kills...
The NOTE column exposes different commentaries and for lack of space, abbreviations are used: report to the abbreviation page for their meaning.




Updated: 08/11/2007

Rank First Name Name Country Victories Sources Detail Air Service Units Death Note Other Sources
Kapt Vasilii YEVSKII Estonia 9 UGA AS Ukrainian Galician Army AS Galicia, 1919-20. 6
Alexei Dmitrievich SHIRINKIN Russia 5 T. Polak (3 Civil War, 2 Polish War) IRAS & Red Army AS 1IA; 7IAO 08/02/1938 Ansaldo, ww1. Civil and Polish wars. 3 Civil War
Lt Rowan Heywood 'Bill' DALY Great Britain 4 Shores et al. (2 kills+1 OoC ww1) RNAS & RAF 10(N)Sq; 47Sq Triplane, Camel 1917. Russia 1919.
Ens Georgii Stepanovich SAPOZHNIKOV Russia 4 T. Polak (1 balloon) IRAS & Red Army AS 1st Proletarian Av.Gp, 1 IA 08/09/1920 ww1, Civil and Polish wars. KIFA. 4 ww1+3(Abramov)
Nikolai N. VASILCHENKO Russia 4 T. Polak Soviet Red Air Fleet 6IAO Russian Civil War.
Anatoly KOROTKOV Russia 3 A. Abramov Soviet Red Air Fleet Russian Civil War, 1919.
Stefan PAWLIKOWSKI Poland 3 AMF & PAF Spa96; 121'Kosciuszko'Sq Ww1, Polish-Soviet War and ww2. 3 unconf. France
Daniel SHCHEKIN Russia 3 A. Abramov (more?) Soviet Red Air Fleet Spad, Russian Civil War, 1919.
Lt Arkadii SHEREMETSINSKII Ukraine 3 A.Kharuk via A.Magnus UGA AS Conflict in Galicia, 1919-20.
Kapt Fedor ALELYUKHIN Ukraine 2 A.Kharuk via A.Magnus UGA AS Conflict in Galicia, 1919-20.
Yuri A. BRATOLYUBOV Russia 2 (more?) Soviet Red AF
Julius KREKIS Russia 2 A. Abramov Soviet Red Air Fleet Russian Civil War.
Lt Mykola SERIKOV (SIRYKIV) Ukraine 2 A.Kharuk via A.Magnus UGA AS Conflict in Galicia, 1919-20.
Lt Stefan Stanislaw STEC Poland 2 J.Safarik (+6 unconf) kukLFT & PAF Flik3, Flik3J, Flik9J; 7'Kosciuszko'Sq Albatros 1918;Polish-Russian War, 1919. 7 ww1
Oblt Oskar Freiherr VON BOENIGK Germany 2 C. Shores; 7 balloons German AS Kasta 19, 32, Jasta 4, 21, JGII; Freikorps + 2 unconf.
Capt Marion Hughes 'Bunny' ATEN USA 1 Shores et al. (unconf?) RAF 203Sq; RAF 47Sq Camel pilot, Russia, 1919. 0(Olynyk); 5 (Aten)
Aleksandr Tichonovich BERBEKO Russia 1 Soviet Red Air Fleet Nieuport, Russian Civil War, 1918-20.
Feoktis A. GRAB Russia 1 A. Abramov Soviet Red Air Fleet Russian Civil War, 1918.
Col Boris GUBER Ukraine 1 A.Kharuk via A.Magnus UGA AS Conflict in Galicia, 1919-20.
Yakov Yakovlevich GULYAEV Russia 1 A. Abramov Soviet Red Air Fleet 5.IG Russian Civil War.
Eugeniusz GUTTMEYER Poland 1 PAF 19Sq Polish-Soviet War 1919-20.
Franciszek JACH Poland 1 PAF 12Sq Polish-Soviet War, 1919-20.
P. F. KACHAN Russia 1 Russian White AF Russian Civil War.
N. S. MELNIKOV Russia 1 Soviet Red Air Fleet Russian Civil War.
MIKLASIEWICZ Poland 1 PAF 18Sq Russian-Polish War.
Antoni E. MROSZKOWSKI Poland 1 Franks et al. IRAS & PAF 24KAO; 19Sq Polish-Soviet War. 9; 1+4 unconf
Ivan Ulyanovich PAVLOV Russia 1 A. Abramov (more?) IRAS & Red AF 1BAG Nieuport, ww1; Civil War. Executed 1936.
PENTKO Russia 1 Soviet Red Air Fleet Russian Civil War.
Lt RUDORFER (RUDOLF?) Ukraine 1 A.Kharuk via A.Magnus UGA AS Conflict in Galicia, 1919-20.
Piotr Semenovich SHELUCHIN Russia 1 A. Abramov Soviet Red Air Fleet Nieuport, Polish-Soviet War, 1919.
Ippolit SHULC Russia 1 Soviet Red Air Fleet Observer, Russian Civil War, 1918.
Sergei Fedorovich SMIRNOV Russia 1 Soviet Red Air Fleet 18IA Russian Civil War.
Kazimierz SWOSZOWSKI Poland 1 PAF 7'Kosciuszko'Sq Polish-Soviet War.
Alexei Konstantinovich TUMANSKII Russia 1 Soviet Red Air Fleet Russian Civil War.
WISNIEWSKI Poland 1 PAF 18Sq Polish-Russian War.
Table: Russian Civil and Polish-Russian wars


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