CHINA 1937-1939

Chinese aces of the China conflicts

  Air combats over China

This list accounted only for the victory credits of the period 1919-1939. The 1939-1945 victory credits of the Chinese pilots can be found in the Second World War section.
Chinese civil wars between the differents warlords.
'Northern Campaign' 1926-27, between the NRA (National Revolutionary Army) and General U. Peifu and General Sun Chuanfan forces.
The 'Shanghai Incident' Jan-Feb 1932, with the 05/02/32 Shingu battle, the first official air battle against the Japanese forces.
The 'China Incident' 1937-38 or Second Sino-Japanese War with air battles in Northern China (Taiyan, Xinkou, Luoyank) and Central China (Nankin, Kwantung, Nanchan) in 1937; over Hangchou, Nankin, Kwantung, in 1938.

  Claims and credits

No air to air engagement are reported during the Chinese civil wars between the personal air forces of the different warlords.
Many Chinese combat records were lost and the scores of the Chinese aces are based on third-hand source (W.Yenne).
Moreover the distinction between 1937-38 period and WWII period scores aren't always clearly defined.

  The lists

All the lists present the following data:
Name and (when known) first name are presented with arbitrary choice for the spelling (russian, german, arab names...).
RANK of the pilot: see the rank page for the meaning of the abbreviations and the equivalence.
According to the pages, COUNTRY, NATION for the nationality or ethnic origin, AIR_SERVICE for the air arm, are provided.
The number of victories represents usually the total of kills (individual plus shared). The shared kills are indicated when known under the form [indiv+shared]. The official score is indicated when different from the total (American and British scores of ww2 for example).
Authors of the SOURCES column are given; report to the bibliography page to find the books, articles, web pages in alphabetical order. The OTHER_SOURCES column presents the divergent scores with sometimes the author of the source.
The DETAIL column shows occasionally the type of kill, balloons, V-1s, ground kills, unconfirmed kills...
The NOTE column exposes different commentaries and for lack of space, abbreviations are used: report to the abbreviation page for their meaning.

Updated: 01/12/2016

CaptLIUChui-Kang(Tsui-Kan)11A. Demin24thPS(5thPG)26/10/1937Hawk III ace, 1937.7; 10
MajWONG (HUANG)John 'Buffalo' (Sun-Shui)9[8+1]V.Arkhipov17thPS, 29thPS; 5thPG16/03/1941P-26, Gladiator; I-15, 40-41. DOW8+1sh; 7
WONG (HWANG)John Pan-Yang8[2+6]F. Olynyk17PS, 5FGChina, 1937-38.7; 4+6sh; 5 (Arkhipov)
YUANPao-Kang (Baokang)8A. Demin
ColKAOChi-Hang7[5+2]H. Gustavsson4thPG21/11/1937Mandchurian ace, China, 1937.3,5(ROCAF); 5+1 (Abramov)
CaptCHOWTing-Fong6A.Abramov28PS, 34thProvPSHawk III, def.of Nankin.
LtLE (LO)Yi-Chin6H. Gustavsson22ndPS(4thPG), 21stPS(4thPG)03/12/1937Hawk III, def. of Shanghai, Nankin. KIA.
MajLIUChi-Sheng (Chi-sun)6[3+3]21stPS(4thPG)Hawk III, I-16, I-15, 1937-1941.11; 11,33; 10,58; 10+2
CHENChi-Wei (Jui-Tien?)5V.Arkhipov28 PS24/02/1938Gladiator, China, 1937-38. KIA
MajLOUIE (LO)Clifford (Yim-Qun)5[3+2]H. Gustavsson28thPS(5thPG)Hawk III, Gladiator, I-152, 1937-40.
CaptLUJi-Chun5H. Gustavsson23rdPS (4thPG)18/02/1938Hawk III ace, 1937. KIA.
MajMAOYing-Chu5V.Arkhipov23rdPS(4thPG), 4thPGHawk III, 1937, I-15bis, 1938.
CaptZHUJia-Xun5H. Gustavsson, Arkhipov8thPS (3rdPG), 32ndPSI-15bis, Gladiator, 1938.
Table: Chinese aces of the China conflicts

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